The territory can be differenciated in three well-marked areas: the coast, the mountains and the inner valleys. The proximity of the Cantabrian range to the coast makes for oceanic climate, without significant differences in temperature, with warm summers and mild winters.
With these mild seasons, Asturias boasts a great variety of floral and wildlife, as well as protected species of great ecological interest native to Asturias.
The extraodinary conservation of the mountains enables animals in danger of extincion to roam free. Bears, wolves and capercaillies are to be found living together with roe deers, foxes, chamoises, wiild boars, otters, a great variety of birds, insects and many different reptiles.
Advancing deep into the valleys and hills, there are countless forests full of beech, yew, oak, birch and holly trees, being the oak or “Carballo”, being the most popular among the Asturian trees.
Due to its varied landscape, Asturias invites us to enjoy and explore its nature.
These are some of the most important natural reserves:
The Asturian Cantanbrian mountain range has the highest and the craggiest points. It occupies the totality of the south of the Principality and stretches to the coast through ranges, which has favoured the conservation of its extraordinary natural richness formed by high peaks, forests, meadows, lakes and high mountain rivers.
Asturias boasts many forests. Shady beech woods such as Redes, Peloño or Monasterio de Hermno and oak woods like Muniellos, one of the largest in Europe.
Picos de Europa National Park is considered to be a unit itself. Its three massifs split by spectacular ravines resemble a stone fortress crowned by pinnacles and crests.
In this region, there are three distinguishing areas:
The Coast is also very well know in the Principality. Its long coastline is formed by a series of cliffs, stony grounds, beaches, estuaries and rias that expand towards the interior in narrow coastal slopes. The enclaves of a greater ecological importance have been protected by being declared natural reserves or monuments such as Eo and Villaviciosa rias or Barayo beach.
The protected landscape of the eastern coast stretches for 30km, from Llanes along the eastern/oriental border of the community. It has more than 30 beaches, which are some of the most attractive views which meet the demands by tourists.
On the western coast, with its wonderful and isolated beaches due to the difficulty in accessing these areas, stretches for some 35km.
Here are some of the best known and most admired beaches on the Asturian coastline:
The most relevant cities within the Principality of Asturias are : Oviedo, Gijón and Avilés.
Oviedo is the capital of the region, whereas Gijón and Avilés are commercial and trading centres due to them being harbour cities.
Monuments and cultural attractions in Oviedo:
Monuments and cultural attractions in Avilés:
Monuments and cultural attractions in Gijón: